Jaipur the capital city of the northern Indian state of Rajasthan is one of the most lively and colorful cities of India. It is popularly known as the ‘pink city’ because of its pink- colored sandstone buildings, painted pink to welcome Prince Alfred in 1853, pink being the color of hospitality .
Famous for its rich culture, forts, palaces, and lakes the city relishes in the glory of a rich and eventful past. The city sits on a dry lakebed in an arid landscape surrounded by barren hills and surmounted by fortresses and crenellate walls and numerous other monuments, which have been interest from time immemorial. It a bustling capital city and a business centre with all the trapping of modern metropolis but yet flavored strongly with an age-old charm that never fails to surprise a traveler.
Jaipur is a well planned city which is made all the more attractive by the pink wash that most buildings are given. A formidable protective wall with seven gates girdled the entire city. The city was planned to conform to a geometric grid representing the nine divisions of the universe.
The old city of Jaipur has neat and broadly laid-out avenues; all painted pink that gives a magical glow to the city, especially in the evenings. Jaipur therefore is blessed with the richness of cultural and architectural beauty that surpasses most other regions of India.
Jaipur, (City of Victory) was founded in 1727 by astronomer-King Maharaja Jai Singh II, a Kachhwaha Rajput, when he decided to shift his seat of power from Amer, 11 km northeast of the new city. The city was a marvel of town planning with separate sectors being earmarked for craftsmen and merchants.
The history and times of Jaipur are deeply entwined with the stories of royal princes and princesses, with grand Mughals and later with visiting dignitaries from the British Royal family or 20th century royalty like the US Presidential families. Today modern Jaipur plays host to all of them and to many thousands of ordinary people who come here enchanted by all that the city has to offer.